Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2015

Publication Title

International Business Review

Keywords

Global/International Business; Comparative approach, Cross-border mergers and acquisitions, Emerging market firms (EMFs), International expansion, Resource dependence theory (RDT)

Disciplines

Business | Law

Abstract

This paper applies and extends resource dependence theory (RDT) to comparatively investigate major factors that determine the level of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) by emerging market firms (EMFs) in developed and developing markets. We argue that the resource dependence logic of M&As (or simply the M&A logic) provides a unique perspective in better understanding the internationalization of EMFs via cross-border M&As, but the explanation is bounded by institutional environment (i.e., government effectiveness) in a host nation. Our empirical results, based on a large panel data analysis of cross-border M&As by EMFs from nine emerging economies from 2000 to 2012, suggest that the intensity of EMFs to acquire vital resources for constraint absorption increases the likelihood of their cross-border M&As and the positive relationship is negatively moderated by host government effectiveness. On top of that, consistent with the predictions of resource dependence arguments, we found differences in the determinants of cross-border M&As by EMFs in developed and developing countries. Finally, host country factors attracting Chinese M&As are different from those attracting other emerging economies. Thus, generalization of Chinese M&A deals to other EMFs need to be cautious.

DOI

10.1016/j.ibusrev.2014.07.005

Version

Postprint

Volume

24

Issue

1

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