The basic and pertinent problems of church immunity should be categorized and surveyed in order to show the lack of justification for this privileged position. These problems may be divided into four categories: (1) the modern church as a charity; (2) constitutionality; (3) legality; (4) the social necessity of church immunity. These classifications can shed proper light upon the present status and the future developments of this doctrine.
Valentine A. Toth, Church Liability for Negligence, 11 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 119 (1962)