The difficulties faced by the group defamation victim are obvious on paper and terrifying in reality. In merely defending his reputation, he is confronted by unprovable issues and, as will be pointed out, is bludgeoned in court by a history of "rational-reasonable" civil and criminal precedents. A brief outline of this paradox is set out here, but the question still remains whether the civil-common law or our legislatures have an answer to this unbelievable legal .
James Jay Brown & Carl L. Stern, Group Defamation in the U. S. A., 13 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 7 (1964)