The doctrine of assumption of risk as applied to icy sidewalks and store entrances contain the following elements: (1) Knowledge and appreciation of the danger, (2) The existence of a reasonable alternative route; (3) A voluntary election to encounter danger.
Gibson B. Witherspoon,
Damages from Slip and Fall Injuries,
20 Clev. St. L. Rev.
available at http://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol20/iss2/8