Adoption has been defined as "The act by which the relations of paternity and affiliation are recognized as legally existing between persons not so related."' However, the result of adoption is the creation of a status, that of parent and child, and not of a contractual obligation. In this respect it is similar to marriage. A study of adoption perforce requires an examination of the practice and the law involved in the placement of children for adoption, the termination of the rights and obligation of the natural parents, the procedures of adoption in the courts and the legal effect of the adoptive status as it affects the child and the adopting parents.
William K. Yost,
Adoption Laws of Ohio: A Critical and Comparative Study,
21 Clev. St. L. Rev.
available at http://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol21/iss3/2