Bail is an ancient device designed to allow persons charged with criminal offenses to be released from jail pending their trial, while assuring the defendant's later appearance in court. Every decision to release a criminal defendant prior to trial involves an evaluation of numerous factors that might affect the likelihood of his later court appearance. This note presents the results of a study of bail in Cleveland, Ohio (the "Cleveland Study"), designed to aid in that evaluation by developing an objective method of predicting the later court appearance of felony defendants.
Note, The Prediction of Court Appearance: A Study of Bail in Cleveland, 27 Clev. St. L. Rev. 587 (1978)