Poisoning Their Coffee: Louis Armstrong and Civil Rights
This essay argues that the life and music of Louis Armstrong challenged mainstream American values and attacked racial hierarchy. In his lifestyle Armstrong pursued a carnivalesque celebration of bodily pleasure at the expense of the Protestant ethic. In addition, his concerts created utopian moments that united black and white listeners in the enjoyment of music. Finally, Armstrong's music represented an assertion of blackness and individuality in a racist society, bringing African American elements to the center of American music.
Hersch, Charles B., "Poisoning Their Coffee: Louis Armstrong and Civil Rights" (2002). Political Science Faculty Publications. Paper 64.
Charles Hersch. (2002). Poisoning Their Coffee: Louis Armstrong and Civil Rights. Polity, 34, 3, 371-392.