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Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology

Chinese Title (Optional)

汉办在美教师课堂教学中的文化冲击

Author Name in Chinese (Optional)

李顺清

Author Affiliation

Lianyungang Open University

Author Affiliation in Chinese (Optional)

连云港开放大学

English Abstract

Hanban teachers have made important contributions to the spreading of Chinese language and culture in the US. They also experience great cultural shocks during their teaching, which greatly challenge their life, work and even their physical and mental health. What are those cultural shocks? What are the causes of them? Can we find out some methods to prevent or deal with them? The present study, by employing classroom observation, interview, and self-reflection approaches, investigates the cultural shocks Hanban teachers commonly encounter during their teaching in K-12 schools in the State of Ohio, and conducts analysis of the causes of these cultural shocks from aspects of Sino-US differences in values,role definitions between teachers and students, evaluation systems, etc. The study also lists coping strategies for Hanban teachers to improve their knowledge and skills to deal with cultural shocks.

Chinese Abstract (Optional)

汉办在美访问教师为汉语及中国文化的传播做出了重要贡献。但是他们在教学过程中也必然经历异国文化的冲击,这给他们的工作、生活乃至身心健康带来困扰与挑战。这些冲击有哪些?发生的原因有哪些?有没有办法进行预防和应对?本文使用观察和访谈法对这些问题进行了实地调研,了解了在美汉语访问教师在教学中常见的文化冲击,并从价值观差异、角色定位、评价体系等方面对原因进行了分析,然后对应对策略进行了探讨,以此为这些教师增长知识、提高技能提供有用的参考。

Manuscript Language

Chinese

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