Azide-Reactive Liposome for Chemoselective and Biocompatible Liposomal Surface Functionalization and Glyco-Liposomal Microarray Fabrication
Chemically selective liposomal surface functionalization and liposomal microarray fabrication using azide-reactive liposomes are described. First, liposome carrying PEG-triphenylphosphine was prepared for Staudinger ligation with azide-containing biotin, which was conducted in PBS buffer (pH 7.4) at room temperature without a catalyst. Then, immobilization and microarray fabrication of the biotinylated liposome onto a streptavidin-modified glass slide via the specific streptavidin/biotin interaction were investigated by comparing with directly formed biotin–liposome, which was prepared by the conventional liposome formulation of lipid–biotin with all other lipid components. Next, the covalent microarray fabrication of liposome carrying triphenylphosphine onto an azide-modified glass slide and its further glyco-modification with azide-containing carbohydrate were demonstrated for glyco-liposomal microarray fabrication via Staudinger ligation. Fluorescence imaging confirmed the successful immobilization and protein binding of the intact immobilized liposomes and arrayed glyco-liposomes. The azide-reactive liposome provides a facile strategy for membrane-mimetic glyco-array fabrication, which may find important biological and biomedical applications such as studying carbohydrate–protein interactions and toxin and antibody screening.
Ma, Y.; Zhang, H.; Gruzdys, V.; Sun, X. Azide-Reactive Liposome for Chemoselective and Biocompatible Liposomal Surface Functionalization and Glyco-Liposomal Microarray Fabrication. Langmuir 2011, 27, 13097-13103.