Using comparable self-reported survey data collected among college students in the United States (n = 502) and Japan (n = 441), this study examines a paradox of higher academic deviance among otherwise more conforming Japanese youth while revisiting the debate concerning the disjuncture between aspirations and expectations/perceived outcomes in Agnew’s general strain theory (GST). Confirming the paradox, our results indicate that Japanese students are significantly more deviant academically than Ameri- can students. However, contrary to the expectation of GST, but in support of past empir- ical studies, the higher academic deviance among the Japanese, as compared to Americans, is explained by their lower aspirations, irrespective of the levels of expecta- tions/perceived outcomes
"This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Tedor, M. F., Sharp, S.F., & Kobayashi, E. (2015). A cross-cultural examination of the disjunctive between aspirations and expectations/perceived outcomes: Strain and academic deviance in the United States and Japan. Sociological Inquiry, 85(3), 462-91, which has been published in final form at [https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/soin.12087]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Tedor, Miyuki F.; Sharp, Susan F.; and Kobayashi, Emiko, "A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Disjunctive Between Aspirations and Expectations/Perceived Outcomes: Strain and Academic Deviance in the United States and Japan*" (2015). Criminology, Anthropology, & Sociology Faculty Publications. 9.