This paper will discuss the impact of lighting upon crime and crime prevention; and propose that there be recognized a general common law duty upon landowners to exercise reasonable care to maintain the means of ingress and egress to their property, over which they retain control, adequately lighted; and be liable for personal injuries due to inadequate lighting. For the purposes of this paper, distinctions among the various classes of entrants upon land, i.e., trespassers, licensees, invitees, etc., will not be considered as material. In part it is beyond the scope of this paper, and in part it is due to the recent trend toward abolishing rigid concepts of arbitrary classifications as to the duties of landowners to such entrants upon land.
Ralph J. Rosenthal,
Duty to Light Exterior of Premises,
20 Clev. St. L. Rev.
available at https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol20/iss2/19