Karen E. Rubin


The elimination of racially segregated housing is a national goal of high priority. This goal is reflected in the pronouncements of law-makers and policy shapers, in decisional law, and in the existence of federal and state legislation designed to eradicate ghettos and replace them with "truly integrated and balanced" communities. Yet segregated housing patterns persist, often finding their source and legitimization in the policies and practices of local governments. This Note will examine an Ohio decision, United States v. City of Parma, and its impact on two issues: the bringing of a "pattern and practice" suit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 19681 against a municipality in an attempt to alleviate racially segregated housing patterns; and the valid scope of the judicially imposed remedies to be applied upon a finding of municipal liability. In order to reach these issues, the origins, implications and mechanisms of exclusionary land-use control will first be discussed, since the regulation of land use plays a central role in the artificial restriction of access to housing on the basis of race.