Famous Talker Effects in Spoken Word Recognition
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
Previous work has demonstrated that talker-specific representations affect spoken word recognition relatively late during processing. However, participants in these studies were listening to unfamiliar talkers. In the present research, we used a long-term repetition-priming paradigm and a speeded-shadowing task and presented listeners with famous talkers. In Experiment 1, half the words were spoken by Barack Obama, and half by Hillary Clinton. Reaction times (RTs) to repeated words were shorter than those to unprimed words only when repeated by the same talker. However, in Experiment 2, using nonfamous talkers, RTs to repeated words were shorter than those to unprimed words both when repeated by the same talker and when repeated by a different talker. Taken together, the results demonstrate that talker-specific details can affect the perception of spoken words relatively early during processing when words are spoken by famous talkers.
Maibauer, A. M., Markis, T. A., Newell, J., & McLennan, C. T. (2014). Famous talker effects in spoken word recognition. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 76(1), 11-18. doi:10.3758/s13414-013-0600-4