Cement and Concrete Research
This research focuses on studying the effect different supplementary cementitious materials (silica fume, fly ash, slag, and their combinations) on strength and durability of concrete cured for a short period of time—14 days. This work primarily deals with the characteristics of these materials, including strength, durability, and resistance to wet and dry and freeze and thaw environments. Over 16 mixes were made and compared to the control mix. Each of these mixes was either differing in the percentages of the additives or was combinations of two or more additives. All specimens were moist cured for 14 days before testing or subjected to environmental exposure. The freeze–thaw and wet–dry specimens were also compared to the control mix.
Results show that at 14 days of curing, the use of supplementary cementitious materials reduced both strength and freeze–thaw durability of concrete. The combination of 10% silica fume, 25% slag, and 15% fly ash produced high strength and high resistance to freeze–thaw and wet–dry exposures as compared to other mixes. This study showed that it is imperative to cure the concrete for an extended period of time, especially those with fly ash and slag, to obtain good strength and durability. Literature review on the use of different supplementary cementitious materials in concrete to enhance strength and durability was also reported.
Toutanji, H., Delatte, N., Aggoun, S., Duval, R., and Danson, A. (2004). "Effect of supplementary cementitious materials on the compressive strength and durability of short-term cured concrete." Cem.Concr.Res., 34(2), 311-319.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cement and Concrete Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 2, (02-01-2004); 10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.08.017