Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Two manufactured metal building warehouses loaded with agricultural products failed in service. Inspection revealed considerable damage to the structure and the foundation. The building owner filed suit against the building supplier, the building erector, and the soils testing laboratory whose engineer had designed the foundation. The agricultural product imposed substantial outward lateral pressures on the walls of the structures. Review of the available design documents indicated that these loads had not been accounted for in design. A structural analysis revealed that elements of the structure were underdesigned for the agricultural product loads. In addition, the foundation did not have any slab reinforcement to resist the loads. To prevent similar failures, these loads must be accounted for in design. The steel structure design and foundation design were both deficient. A contributing factor was the lack of communication between the designer of the structure and the designer of the foundation, due to the lack of a single engineer of record to take responsibility for the buildings.
Delatte, N. (2002). "Agricultural Product Loads and Warehouse Failures." J.Perform.Constr.Facil., 16(3), 116-123.