Joint Rate and Voltage Adaptation to Save Energy of Software Radios in Underutilized WLAN

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Wireless Communications and Networking Conference


This paper proposes an energy-saving bit-rate adaptation algorithm for Software-defined Radio (SDR)-based wireless systems, called Joint Rate and Voltage Fallback (JRF). It exploits the unused network time in underutilized networks by using a lower bit-rate than what an underlying rate adaptation algorithm such as Auto-rate Fallback (ARF) or Robust Rate Adaptation Algorithm (RRAA) dictates. While slow or low bitrate communication potentially consumes more energy due to its extended communication time, it saves energy in SDR due to the possibility of reducing the speed and the voltage of the microprocessor that runs the SDR software. The net result favors a lower rate communication in terms of energy performance. To analyze the tradeoff quantitatively, this paper evaluates the computational complexity of SDR communication software by using BBN 802.11b implementation in GNU Radio. Moreover, for an extensive evaluation, we conducted the simulation study based on OPNET, which shows that JRF improves energy cost by as much as 78.0% compared to No Rate and Voltage Scaling (NoRVS) and as much as 51.3% compared to Independent Rate and Voltage Scaling (IRVS).