Date of Award

Spring 5-6-2022

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Communication Sciences and Disorders


Health Sciences

First Advisor

Pershey, Monica

Second Advisor

Yorke, April

Third Advisor

Walsh, Colleen

Subject Headings

Gender, Speech Therapy


The purpose of this study was to gather first-hand opinions and experiences regarding GAVT from transgender, nonbinary, and gender nonconforming individuals. This study provides information on how well-known GAVT is, why someone may attend GAVT or why not, the ideal environment in which someone may want to receive GAVT, and the ideal characteristics of the SLP providing GAVT services. A structured, online survey was used as the method of data collection. This survey (N=36) included 24 questions and contained both multiple choice and open-ended questions. This study included adults who reside in the United States and identify as transgender, nonbinary, or gender nonconforming. The results of this survey demonstrated a wide variety of opinions and experiences regarding GAVT. The results concluded that almost all participants (94.4%) had previously heard of GAVT. However, only 11.1% of participants had previously met with an SLP for GAVT. Despite GAVT being well-known, many participants were not aware which professional provides the service, with 41.7% of respondents stating that SLPs provide GAVT, while 52.8% stating that a vocal coach provides GAVT. The results concluded that 38.2% of participants would consider attending GAVT while 44.1% of respondents would not attend GAVT. The results of this study demonstrated that previous experiences of discrimination in a healthcare or medical setting are likely to impact an individual’s decision to seek out GAVT. The results concluded that the majority of participants would prefer their SLP have LGBTQ+ specific training. Implications for speech-language pathologists who provide GAVT are discussed. This survey helped to establish that speech-language pathologists need to raise awareness about their role in the gender affirming process. Findings from the survey helped demonstrate the importance of referring prospective voice clients to an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor prior to starting service. Lastly, this study demonstrates the need for person-centered care regarding GAVT, Speech-language pathologists can use this information to better understand their prospective clients and to guide clients’ goals for GAVT.