Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy in Urban Education
Counseling Psychology, Psychology
Internalized racism, also referred to as appropriated racial oppression, refers to the phenomenon of people of color adopting negative racist messages about their worth and abilities. The internalization of racism by members of the targeted group results in an experience of self-degradation and self-alienation and the assumption of one’s inferiority, which is directly related to issues of self-esteem, self-confidence, shame, depression, and anxiety. This study used structural regression with moderation and mediation to explore the possibility of internalized racism as a mediating variable and black identity and perceived social support as possible moderators. A sample of 639 participants (MAge = 35.29, SDAge = 10.09) who identified as Black and/or African American were included in the study. The findings indicated that internalized racism partially mediated the relationship between racial microaggressions and depression and anxiety, where approximately 50 percent of the relationships were explained by internalized racism. Additionally, the findings indicated that centrality and private regard aspects of Black identity weakened the relationship between racial microaggressions and depression and anxiety. Finally, the findings indicated that social support weakens the relationship between racial microaggressions and depression and anxiety.
Sanders, Steven M., "Racial Microaggressions And Mental Health: Internalized Racism As A Mediator And Black Identity And Social Support As Moderators" (2021). ETD Archive. 1338.