Date of Award
Master of Science
Jacqueline M. Jenkins
Traffic incidents are unforeseen events known to affect traffic flow because they reduce the capacity of an arterial corridor segment and normally generate a temporary bottleneck. Identification of retiming requirements to enhance traffic signal operations when an incident occurs depends on operations-oriented traffic signal performance measurements. When effective and real-time traffic signal performance metrics are employed at traffic control centers, delays, fuel use, and air pollution may all be decreased. The majority of currently available traffic signal performance evaluations are based on high-resolution traffic signal controller event data, which gives data on an intersection-by-intersection basis but requires a substantial upfront expenditure. The necessary detecting and communication equipment also involves costly and periodic maintenance. Additionally, the full manifestation of connected vehicles (CVs) is fast approaching with efforts in place to accelerate the adaptation of CVs and their infrastructures. CV technologies have enormous potential to improve traffic mobility and safety. CVs can provide abundant traffic data that is not otherwise captured by roadway detectors or other methods of traffic data collection. Since the observation is independent of any space restrictions and not impacted by queue discharge and buildup, CV data offers more comprehensive and reliable data that can be used to estimate various traffic signal performance measures.
This thesis proposes a conceptual CV simulation framework intended to ascertain the effectiveness of CV trajectory-based measures in characterizing an arterial corridor incident, such as a vehicle crash. Using a four-intersection corridor with different signal timing plans, a microscopic simulation model was created in Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO), Vehicles in Network Simulation (Veins) and Objective Modular Network Testbed in C++ (OMNeT++) platforms. Furthermore, an algorithm for CVs that defines, detects and disseminates a vehicle crash incident to other vehicles and a roadside unit (RSU) was developed. In the thesis, it is demonstrated how visual performance metrics with CV data may be used to identify an incident. This thesis proposes that traffic signal performance metrics, such as progression quality, split failure, platoon ratios, and safety surrogate measures (SSMs), may be generated using CV trajectory data. The results show that the recommended approaches with access to CV trajectory data would help both performance assessment and operation of traffic control systems. Unlike the current state of the practice (fixed detection technology), the developed conceptual framework can detect incidents that are not captured by intersection-vicinity-limited detectors while requiring immediate attention.
Novat Baraba, Norris Kamugisha, "Utilizing Simulated Vehicle Trajectory Data from Connected Vehicles to Characterize Performance Measures on an Arterial After an Impactful Incident" (2022). ETD Archive. 1361.