Date of Award
Education and Human Services
Toman, Sarah degree supervisor
Chronic pain -- Rehabilitation, Chronic pain -- Treatment, Backache -- Patients -- Rehabilitation, chronic pain, low back pain, interdisciplinary treatment, rehabilitation, mood, function
The study utilized an individual change model to investigate the effectiveness of a chronic pain rehabilitation program at treating pain, mood (depression, anxiety, and stress), and function for chronic low back pain patients. This retrospective study consisted of a sample of 621 patients with a chronic low back pain diagnosis who completed an interdisciplinary rehabilitation program. The outcomes of pain, mood and function were assessed at four waves including admission, discharge, 6-month, and 12-month follow-ups using established instruments. The Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS) by Lovibond and Lovibond (1995) was used to assess patients' self-reported levels of depression, anxiety and stress during the time period. The Pain Disability Index (PDI Tait, Chibnall & Krause, 1990) assessed pain-related disability in several areas of functioning including: family/home functioning, recreational functioning, social functioning, occupational functioning, sexual functioning, self-care functioning, and life support functioning. Finally, a self-report Likert scale was used to determine patients' self-reported levels of pain on a 0-10 point scale. Individual characteristics including age, gender, support, working status, and disability compensation status were also used as predictor variables
Rispinto, Sarah C., "Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Low Back Pain Treated in a Pain Rehabilitation Program" (2014). ETD Archive. 255.