Date of Award
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Gyroscopes, Microelectromechanical systems, Detectors, Electrical Engineering, Gyroscope
Obtaining the approximation of rotation rate form a Z-Axis MEMS gyroscope is a challenging problem. Currently, most commercially available MEMS gyroscopes are operating in an open-loop for purposes of simplicity and cost reduction. However, MEMS gyroscopes are still fairly expensive and are not robust during operation. The purpose of this research was to develop a high-performance and low-cost MEMS gyroscope using analog Active Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC) system. By designing and implementing analog ADRC both above requirements were satisfied. Analog ADRC provides the fastest response time possible (because the circuit is analog), eliminates both internal and external disturbances, and increases the bandwidth of the gyroscope beyond its natural frequency. On the other hand, the overall design is extremely economical, given that the system is built using pure active and passive analog components. This work, besides achieving high-performance and providing low-cost solution, furnishes two novel designs concepts. First, Active Disturbance Rejection Controller can now be build using pure analog circuit, which has never been done before. Second, it is the first time that the advanced controller has been successfully implemented in hardware to control an inertial rate sensor like gyroscope. This work provides a novel solution to applications that require high-performance and low-cost inertial sensors
Avanesian, David, "Hardware Implementation of Active Disturbance Rejection Control for Vibrating Beam Gyroscope" (2007). ETD Archive. 328.