Date of Award


Degree Type



Education and Human Services

First Advisor

Ingersoll, R. Elliot

Subject Headings

Sentence Completion Test, Ego (Psychology), Developmental psychology, Ego development, Washington University sentence completion test


The integral sentence completion test (SCTi) was developed by Susanne Cook-Greuter in 1999. Her SCTi was a revision of the Washington University Sentence Completion Test devised by Jane Loevinger in 1970 and revised in 1985 and again in 1996. The test was devised to measure one's level of ego development by providing 36 stems and asking respondents to complete the sentence stems with whatever comes to their mind. Because the test is semi-projective, the scoring process requires training and familiarity with the test and with the concept of ego development. Jane Loevinger devised a scoring system complete with rules. She and others created scoring manuals for the Washington University Sentence Completion Test complete with sample responses for each of the 36 sentence stems. The scoring manual was updated each time the test was significantly changed. Cook-Grueter is currently in the process of adapting the previous scoring manual to reflect changes in the SCTi. The purpose of this thesis is to provide a scoring manual for the sentence stem "People who step out of line at work - " (item # 27), which is one of the stems that was added by Cook-Greuter to the SCTi. The first step was to review the history of ego development theory and measurement tools coming out of that theory. After reviewing general theory, it was necessary to analyze data that was provided by Cook-Greuter. In all, 627 responses were analyzed and placed into general categories for the purpose of creating a manual. Once the manual was created, an analysis of findings was done and discussed in the final chapter

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