The Effect of Surya Namaskara Yoga Practice on Resting Heart Rate and Blood Pressure, Flexibility, Upper Body Muscle Endurance, and Perceived Well-Being in Healthy Adults
Date of Award
Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Yoga -- Health aspects, Exercise -- Health aspects, Physical fitness, Yoga, Sun salutation, Surya Namaskara, Flexibility, Upper body strength, Hamstring flexibility, Perceived well-being
Surya Namaskara (SN) is a yoga practice(routine) that consists of a series of 12 physical postures made up of a variety of forward and backward bends. The series of movements stretch the spinal column and massage, tone and stimulate vital organs through alternately flexing the body forwards and backwards. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of a twice daily SN yoga practice on resting heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP), flexibility, upper body muscle endurance, and perceived well-being in low to moderately active adult males and females. Methods: Participants (24 females, 6 males mean age 34 years) were randomly assigned to a yoga or control group using the fishbowl technique of random assignment with replacement. After a 3 hour introduction to proper SN techniques, the subjects were directed to perform two SN routines daily for 10 minutes each followed by a 5 minute relaxation period, 5 times per week for a period of 6 weeks. Pre and post measurements were conducted for HR, BP, hamstring flexibility, upper body muscle endurance, and perceived well-being. Inferential statistics with repeated measures (2-way ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. Results: A significant increase was found in flexibility with an improvement of 2.9 inches (p=.000) and 4.4 push-ups (p=.003) after yoga the training program, with little or no change in the control group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that SN is effective in increasing hamstring flexibility and improving upper body muscle endurance
Fondran, Kristine Marie, "The Effect of Surya Namaskara Yoga Practice on Resting Heart Rate and Blood Pressure, Flexibility, Upper Body Muscle Endurance, and Perceived Well-Being in Healthy Adults" (2008). ETD Archive. 550.