Date of Award
Consumer behavior, Consumers' preferences, Motivation (Psychology), Regulatory focus, BIS/BAS, Consumer Psychology, Marketing, Approach/ avoidance motivation
Messages are more effective when framed to be congruent with individuals' approach/avoidance motivation (Sherman, Mann, & Updegraff, 2006). Two experiments explored whether congruency might also effect consumer reactions by examining whether person-message fit enhances enjoyment of taste of a product, increases how fluid an advertisement is perceived to be, and heightens one's willingness to buy a product and the overall product value. Study 1 demonstrated a congruency effect, where avoidance motivation scores positively predicted perceptions of taste/enjoyment of a sugar-free food, but only when the product advertisement was loss-framed. In the loss-frame condition, higher avoidance scores also related to increased ratings of advertisement quality. Unexpectedly, congruency effects were not found under gain-frame conditions. Study 2 examined if congruency effects would be accented in group settings. A main effect was expected, where participants in the group condition would rate the outcome variables higher than those in the individual condition. Study 2 demonstrated an accentuation effect, but not as expected. Overall this study broadens our awareness of factors that interact to influence attitudes, and perceptions of taste and message quality
Hammill, Amanda C., "A Contextual Examination of St. Anselm's Ontological Argument" (2008). ETD Archive. 587.