Date of Award


Degree Type



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Zhao, Wenbing

Subject Headings

Fault tolerance (Engineering), Software protection, Computer networks -- Management, Byzantine fault tolerance, Replica nondeterminism, Security, Replica consistency, Replication, Intrusion tolerance, Performance, Online poker game


The growing reliance on online services accessible on the Internet demands highly reliable system that would not be interrupted when encountering faults. A number of Byzantine fault tolerance (BFT) algorithms have been developed to mask the most complicated type of faults - Byzantine faults such as software bugs,operator mistakes, and malicious attacks, which are usually the major cause of service interruptions. However, it is often difficult to apply these algorithms to practical applications because such applications often exhibit sophisticated non-deterministic behaviors that the existing BFT algorithms could not cope with. In this thesis, we propose a classification of common types of replica nondeterminism with respect to the requirement of achieving Byzantine fault tolerance, and describe the design and implementation of the core mechanisms necessary to handle such replica nondeterminism within a Byzantine fault tolerance framework. In addition, we evaluated the performance of our BFT library, referred to as ND-BFT using both a micro-benchmark application and a more realistic online porker game application. The performance results show that the replicated online poker game performs approximately 13 slower than its nonreplicated counterpart in the presence of small number of players