A new literal meaning has been given to the adage of offering one' sweat and blood to the employer - to which is added as well, one's urine. Little wonder then that so many private and public employers have rushed into drug screening programs. Given the trend of recent events, it would seem that an imperative does exist for drug testing at the workplace. However, before organizations establish testing programs, management should consider the known problems associated with substance testing and the organizational implications of such testing.
Jan P. Muczyk & Brian P. Heshizer, A Management Perspective on the Controlled Substance Testing Issue: Management's Newest Pandora's Box2 J.L. & Health 27 (1987-1988)