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Faculty Advisors

Medina-Rivera, Antonio


In Peru, there are 3 million people whose primary language is the indigenous Quechua. Further, in the provinces where it is most prominent, the language enjoys co-official status with Spanish and is a symbol of cultural and ethnic identity that has deep roots. Despite the vitality of indigenous languages on the decline worldwide, especially in urban settings, Quechua has remained strong in Peru. Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) is a language-planning model that has been criticized for attempting to normalize Quechua from a purely Spanish-speaking context in its application, stripping the language of its agency and cultural power. The current study seeks to gain an understanding of the potential effects of IBE on the bilingual population in urban Cusco. Data was collected at the Pukllasunchis Institute, a center of higher education for those looking to implement an IBE approach. The institute conducts classes in both languages while teaching both cultures and respecting their impact on teaching methods. Over the course of the study, approximately 100 students completed questionnaires and 28 students were interviewed. The data suggests that conscientious application of IBE does promote acceptance and greater use of Quechua on the part of the urban bilingual population of Cusco, Peru.

Publication Date



College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences


World Languages…


Arts and Humanities | Modern Languages

Intercultural Bilingual Education in the Urban Andes