Document Type


Publication Date


Research Center

Energy Policy Center


As United States looks to decarbonize its energy systems, there is likely to be a surge in interest in multi-customer District Energy. Interest in networked thermal will be especially high for low-income neighborhoods, which have been targeted by the Inflation Reduction Act for clean energy development. In northern climates, many such areas have no air conditioning, and residents are increasingly at risk with the intensity and duration of hot weather resulting from climate change. Geothermal systems (and heat pumps) provide both heat and air conditioning to buildings, especially when integrated with natural gas hybrid systems. Ohio law provides a clear path for municipalities to create and regulate utilities that operate District Energy systems.