The Use of Biological Methods for Toxicity Evaluation of Wastes and Waste-Amended Soils

Document Type

Contribution to Books

Publication Date


Publication Title

Handbook of Environment and Waste Management: Volume 2: Land and Groundwater Pollution Control


© 2014 by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. All rights reserved. Wastes and waste-amended soils can content different contaminants in them. Total concentrations of these contaminants can not be used for ecological risk assessment. Biological methods appeared to be necessary to evaluate the potential ecological impact. Estimation of toxicity of wasts and waste-amended soils plays an important role for decision making concerning further management of them. Nowadays, vary methods of bioindication and bio-testing based on bacteria, crustacean, protozoan, rotifer, alga, higher plant and other organisms are used. In this chapter, the most common used methods are presented.