Coagulation -Flocculation Treatment for Naphthol Green Band Flour Wastewater

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International Journal for Modern Trends in Science and Technology


The interference of synthetic dye in the water bodies and environment poses a risk to both human and environmental health. Due to the recalcitrant nature of dye and presence of many other pollutants in industrial wastewater, efficient method of treatment of industrial effluent is required to address the lingering problem over the years. To address this major concern, experimental was carried out on synthetic dye and flour wastewater treatment by coagulation-flocculation while varying operating parameters (dosage, concentration, coagulant type etc.). The effectiveness of coagulation-flocculation process for the removal of Naphthol Green B in a mixture of dye wastewater and flour wastewater at different concentrations (50 ppm, 100 ppm, 150 ppm, 200 ppm) was investigated. Using 3 coagulant (FeCl3, FeSO4 and Al2(SO4)3), color removal efficiency was also investigated. The effectiveness of the coagulation process was measured for transmittance and absorbance as indices using UV-Vis Spectrophotometer. Also, the total organic carbon (TOC) was measured. Transmittance and absorbance values of 99.6% and 0.001 respectively were achieved post treatment. Ferric Chloride and Aluminum Sulfate gave better results than Ferrous Sulfate which gave the poorest transmittance and absorbance values indicating reduced color removal efficiency. The results of this study revealed that coagulation process is an efficient preliminary treatment for appreciable suspended particles and color removal from dye wastewater. It also showed the impact of coagulant dosage, dye strength and combined wastewater samples on the removal efficiency and resulting effluent quality.