Combustion and Incineration

Document Type

Contribution to Books

Publication Date


Publication Title

Handbook of Environmental Engineering: Solid Waste Engineering and Management: Volume 1


In several countries worldwide, combustion and incineration are the second main option for waste management and disposal. There are different types of incineration systems on the market. This chapter examines the method of urban solid waste mass-burn incineration, from waste collection to bunker and feeding systems, furnaces, and heat recovery systems. Fluidised bed incinerators, starved air incinerators, rotary kiln incinerators, cement kilns, liquid and gaseous waste incinerators, and the waste types incinerated in the various incinerators are also addressed. Particulate matter, heavy metals, toxic and corrosive gases, and incomplete combustion products such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), dioxins, and furans are discussed, as well as pollution creation and control. The wastewater, bottom ash, and fly ash generated by waste incineration are all addressed. The emission dispersion from the chimney stack is defined. The waste-to-energy (WtE) part of incineration is also presented. There are also several case studies mentioned.