Surface Water Quality and Analysis

Document Type

Contribution to Books

Publication Date


Publication Title

Handbook of Environmental Engineering: Integrated Natural Resources Research


The fundamental of water quality management and analysis is to adopt several monitoring actions to save water bodies and protect users. Evaluation of physiochemical and biological parameters of surface water is an important aspect for water quality model formation and adopted suitable management actions. This chapter focused on evaluation, monitoring, and analysis of surface water quality. Recently, Water Quality Indices (WQIs) was introduced as new methods for water quality management. Dissolved oxygen in surface water is necessary for aquatic life. Microbial quality of surface water should be safe and should not have adverse effect on human health. In this chapter, WQIs formation, definitions, and limitations were discussed, surface water modeling, standards and indicators of chemical and microbial quality of surface water were presented and discussed.