Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology


This paper proposes selection relaying (SR) protocol for a cooperative multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay system that consists of a direct link between a source and a destination. The system has only receive-side channel state information (CSI), spatially correlated MIMO channels, and the receiver nodes observe spatially correlated noise. The transmit nodes employ orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBC), whereas the receiver nodes employ optimum minimum mean-square-error (MMSE) detection. The SR protocol, which transmits via the relay only when the direct link between the source and destination is in outage, is compared with the fixed relaying (FR) protocol which always uses the relay. By deriving novel asymptotic expressions of the outage probabilities, it is analytically shown that both protocols provide the same diversity gain. However, the coding gain (CG) of the SR protocol can be much better than that of the FR protocol. In particular, when all MIMO links have the same effective rank, irrespective of its value, the SR protocol provides better CG than the FR scheme if the target information rate is greater than ln2(3) bits per channel use. Simulation results support theoretical analysis and show that the SR scheme can significantly outperform FR method, which may justify the increased complexity due to one-bit feedback requirement in the SR protocol.

Original Citation

B. Chalise, "On the Performance of SR and FR Protocols for OSTBC based AF-MIMO Relay System with Channel and Noise Correlations," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, 2015.