Let There Be Light: Improved Traffic Surveillance via Detail Preserving Night-to-Day Transfer

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology


In recent years, image and video surveillance have made considerable progresses to the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) with the help of deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). As one of the state-of-the-art perception approaches, detecting the interested objects in each frame of video surveillance is widely desired by ITS. Currently, object detection shows remarkable efficiency and reliability in standard scenarios such as daytime scenes with favorable illumination conditions. However, in face of adverse conditions such as the nighttime, object detection loses its accuracy significantly. One of the main causes of the problem is the lack of sufficient annotated detection datasets of nighttime scenes. In this paper, we propose a framework to alleviate the accuracy decline when object detection is taken to adverse conditions by using image translation method. We propose to utilize style translation based StyleMix method to acquire pairs of day time image and nighttime image as training data for following nighttime to daytime image translation. To alleviate the detail corruptions caused by Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs), we propose to utilize Kernel Prediction Network (KPN) based method to refine the nighttime to daytime image translation. The KPN network is trained with object detection task together to adapt the trained daytime model to nighttime vehicle detection directly. Experiments on vehicle detection verified the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed approach.


This work was supported by the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud Credits for Research Award.