The Effects of Ankle Compliance and Flexibility on Ankle Sprains
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the influence of changes in subtalar joint flexibility and compliance on ankle sprain occurrence.
Methods: Muscle model driven simulations of 10 subjects performing the landing phase of a side-shuffle movement were performed. The passive flexibility or compliance of the subtalar joint was varied, and each subject-specific simulation was exposed to a set of perturbed floor conditions.
Results: Increases in flexibility and compliance both led to an increase in the occurrence of excessive supination, while changes in flexibility had a greater influence. Changes in flexibility or compliance caused only small changes in the occurrence of excessive supination torques.
Conclusion: These results suggest that increased mechanical laxity does not directly cause an increase in sprain occurrence during side-shuffle movements.
Wright, I. C.,Neptune, R.R., van den Bogert, A. J. and Nigg, B. M., 2000, "The Effects of Ankle Compliance and Flexibility on Ankle Sprains." Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 32 (3), pp. 260–265.