This paper presents findings of synchrotron diffraction measurements on tubular specimens with a thermal barrier coating (TBC) system applied by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD), having a thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer due to aging in hot air. The diffraction measurements were in situ while applying a thermal cycle with high temperature holds at 1000 °C and varying internal air cooling mass flow and mechanical load. It was observed that, during high temperature holds at 1000 °C, the TGO strain approached zero if no mechanical load or internal cooling was applied. When applying a mechanical load, the TGO in-plane strain (e22) changed to tensile and the out of plane TGO strain (e11) became compressive. The addition of internal cooling induced a thermal gradient, yielding a competing effect, driving the e22 strain to compressive and e11 strain to tensile. Quantifying TGO strain variations in response to competing factors will provide a path to controlling the TGO strain, and further improving the lifetime assessment and durability design strategies for TBC systems.
Manero, Albert; Knipe, Kevin; Wischek, Janine; Meid, Carla; Okasinski, John; Almer, Jonathan; Karlsson, Anette M.; Bartsch, Marion; and Raghavan, Seetha, "Capturing the Competing Influence of Thermal and Mechanical Loads on the Strain of Turbine Blade Coatings via High Energy X-rays" (2018). Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications. 339.
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