Date of Award
Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences
MyoD, PUMA, Apoptosis
We have previously reported that the level of MyoD expression correlates with the level of apoptosis that occurs in a subpopulation of skeletal myoblasts induced to differentiate by serum withdrawal. Herein we document that MyoD expression dictates the apoptotic threshold in myoblasts and fibroblasts in response to a variety of apoptotic stimuli. Specifically, re-expression of MyoD in skeletal myoblasts rendered defective for both differentiation and apoptosis by the expression of oncogenic Ras restores their ability to undergo both differentiation and apoptosis in response to serum withdrawal. Further, using a fibroblast cell line expressing an estrogen receptor:MyoD fusion protein, we have determined that addition of estrogen sensitizes these fibroblasts to apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal, or by treatment with etoposide or thapsigargin. RNAi mediated silencing of MyoD in either 23A2 or C2C12 myoblasts renders these cells resistant to apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal, or by treatment with etoposide or thapsigargin. Finally, MyoD mediated regulation of the apoptotic response to these various stimuli correlates with the level of induction of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member PUMA
Harford, Terri J., "Regulation of Apoptosis by the Muscle Regulatory Transcription Factor Myod" (2009). ETD Archive. 124.