Date of Award


Degree Type




First Advisor

Bracken, Cheryl

Subject Headings

Telepresence, Audio-visual equipment, Cleveland (Ohio) -- Tours -- Case studies, telepresence, transportation, tourism, mediated tours, self-guided tours, satisfaction, sensory


The subsequent study examines variations of self-guided tour mediums in relation to telepresence, transportation, and satisfaction. Three conditions were used to explore the relationships. Those conditions were audio only, audio and visual, and map self-guided tours of a portion of Euclid Avenue adjacent to The audio condition yielded the highest mean scores of the three conditions on all analyses. Condition was found to significantly impact the report of 'worthwhile', a subscale of satisfaction. No other hypotheses resulted in significant findings. Significant differences were seen between the conditions participants report of 'worthwhile'. The practical and theoretical impacts are discussed in the following chapters

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