Date of Award


Degree Type



Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Delatte, Norbert

Subject Headings

Concrete construction, Steel, Steel slag aggregates in concrete


Steel slag is an industrial byproduct obtained from the steel manufacturing industry. It is produced in large quantities during the steel-making operations which utilize Electric Arc Furnaces (EAF). Steel slag can also be produced by smelting iron ore in the Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF). Steel slag can be used in the construction industry as aggregates in concrete by replacing natural aggregates. Natural aggregates are becoming increasingly scarce and their production and shipment is becoming more difficult. Steel slag is currently used as aggregate in hot mix asphalt surface applications, but there is a need for some additional work to determine the feasibility of utilizing this industrial by-product more wisely as a replacement for both fine and coarse aggregates in a conventional concrete mixture. Most of the volume of concrete is aggregates. Replacing all or some portion of natural aggregates with steel slag would lead to considerable environmental benefits. Most of the natural aggregates in the state of Ohio are shipped in from out of the state, whereas large steel slag deposits are locally available. The primary aim of this research was to evaluate the durability of concrete made with steel slag aggregates. This research has shown that replacing some percentage of natural aggregates by steel slag aggregates causes negligible degradation in strength. It is shown that as the amount of steel slag is increased beyond 75 the workability of the concrete mixture became an important issue which eventually requires larger amounts of water reducing admixtures to achieve a minimum slump. The results showed that replacing about 50 to 75 of steel slag aggregates by volume for natural aggregates will not do any harm to concrete and also it will not have any adverse effects on the strength and durability