Date of Award


Degree Type




First Advisor

Kahana, Boaz

Subject Headings

Retirement -- Psychological aspects, Identity (Psychology) in old age, Retirement, Retirement, Mandatory


The purpose of this study was to examine identity distress surrounding retirement. From past literature I hypothesized that individuals would experience more psychological distress after retirement compared to before and those who earned a professional degree would experience more distress than others. I also hypothesized the longer time retired the less distress, and those who were forced to retire would experience more distress after retirement than those who retired voluntarily. Results of the study conducted with 40 retired people in the United States revealed only one significant result. Those who were forced to retire showed increased levels of identity distress after retirement compared to individuals who voluntarily retired

Included in

Psychology Commons