Date of Award


Degree Type




First Advisor

McLennan, Conor

Subject Headings

Bilingualism -- Psychological aspects, Interference (Linguistics) -- Psychological aspects, Psycholinguistics, bilingual interference facilitation Stroop languages activation effects time


The purpose of the current study was to analyze the continuous dynamics of a bilingual Stroop task (between and within languages, and in proficient bilinguals' first and second languages, L1 and L2, respectively). Understanding the time course of a bilingual Stroop task provides new insights regarding current theories of the bilingual mind. As found previously, interference emerged before facilitation and these effects were stronger within languages and in L1. Interestingly, mouse-tracking data showed (1) different time courses for the two Stroop processes (i.e., interference emerged earlier than facilitation), (2) different time courses within and between languages (i.e., within-languages effects emerged earlier than between-languages effects), and (3) different time courses for L1 and L2 (i.e., L1 effects emerged earlier than L2 effects). The present results add to the literature by exploring, for the first time, the temporal dynamics of the bilingual Stroop effects

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Psychology Commons