Arizona Law Review
articles of confederation, constitution
The author considers the Articles, first on the world's stage as a landmark. He next treats the Articles as a means of readying the Framers for constitution-making in 1787. The Articles would be a crucible, training ground, and failed model to draw upon. He then discusses the pragmatic and complex legal culture which produced the Articles, and ultimately, our open-textured Constitution.
Arthur R. Landever, Those Indispensable Articles of Confederation-Stage in Constitutionalism, Passage for the Framers, and Clue to the Nature of the Constitution, 31 Arizona Law Review 79 (1989).