Document Type


Publication Date


Research Center

Energy Policy Center


The Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District (MWCD), the largest conservancy district in Ohio, initiated a significant, multi-year capital improvement plan in 2014 in response to increasing revenues associated with Utica Shale development. This study used input-output analysis to estimate the regional economic impact of MWCD’s spending on infrastructure improvements and related operations from 2014 through 2022. Cleveland State University’s Energy Policy Center found that MWCD’s $182.1 million in capital spending during the study period resulted in $486.8 million of gross output (total economic activity of all sales/revenues), $221.9 million of value added (gross output minus intermediate inputs), $135.6 million in labor income, and 2,287 jobs throughout the conservancy district’s 18-county service area. Additionally, every $1 million spent annually by MWCD during the study period on operations and maintenance (O&M) supported approximately $3.5 million of gross output, $1.9 million of value added, $1.3 million in labor income, and 22 jobs per year on average in the local economy. Altogether, MWCD’s spending on capital improvements and O&M from 2014 through 2022 resulted in $938.3 million of total economic activity for the 18-county region served by the conservancy district.