We have relied so completely on collective bargaining that we have given almost no thought to other ways of moving toward the goal of industrial democracy. Indeed, there is almost an instinctive reaction to any suggestions of alternatives. We must now face the unwelcome fact that collective bargaining is incomplete, and we must fill the places it has not reached. This article has presents not so much proposals to be adopted, but possibilities to be explored. The purpose here is not to reach conclusions, but to urge a beginning.
Clyde W. Summers,
Industrial Democracy: America's Unfulfilled Promise,
28 Clev. St. L. Rev.
available at http://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol28/iss1/5