This paper will try to reconstruct the legal and ethical underpinnings of the confidential relationship of psychotherapist and patient, and will also touch upon the psychotherapist-patient testimonial privilege and its exceptions. It will then describe the liability of psychotherapists for breach of confidentiality based on contract and tort. It will conclude with some evaluation of this type of cause of action, and its future usefulness in the law..
Ellen W. Grabois, The Liability of Psychotherapists for Breach of Confidentiality, 12 J.L. & Health 39 (1997-1998)