Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-15-2009

Publication Title

Biochemical Pharmacology

Abstract

Epidemiological and animal model studies have suggested that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can act as chemopreventive agents. The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor nimesulide shows anti-cancer effect in different type of cancers. In the current study, five breast carcinoma cell lines were used to explore the anti-cancer mechanisms of a nimesulide derivative compound 76. The compound dose dependently suppressed SKBR-3, BT474 and MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cell proliferation with IC50 of 0.9 μM, 2.2 μM and 4.0 μM, respectively. However, it needs much higher concentrations to inhibit MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell growth with IC50 at 22.1 μM and 19.6 μM, respectively. Further investigation reveals that compound 76 induced apoptosis in SKBR-3 and BT474 cells. Since these cells are Her2 overexpressing cells, the Her2 intracellular signaling pathways were examined after the treatment. There was no significant changing of kinase activity. However, the cytochrome c release assay indicated that the apoptosis induced by the compound was mediated by the mitochondria. These results suggest that compound 76 selectively induce apoptosis in Her2 overexpressing breast cancer cells through the mitochondria, and could be used as a lead to design more potent derivatives.

Comments

This work was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health CA44735 (SC), ES08528 (SC).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

DOI

10.1016/j.bcp.2009.03.015

Version

Postprint

Volume

77

Issue

12

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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