Most persons are aware that Juvenile Court proceedings are informal in character. The accused often appears without counsel, and often admits to participation in the violation. In spite of this, however, the Court must still operate on well laid principles of law. The Court must adhere to rules of evidence applicable to the type of case being heard, and the allegations must be proved. The Court handles various types of cases and therefore much confusion arises over what rules of evidence are applicable in each instance.
Elaine J. Columbro, Evidence in Cuyahoga County Juvenile Court, 10 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 524 (1961)