Doctors today are subjected to many malpractice suits involving non-surgical injuries. Common among these nonsurgical injuries are x-ray injuries. Most of the injuries produced by x-rays have been excessive skin reactions, i.e., burns, occurring during either diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. The improper use of x-rays can produce damage other than skin burns, i.e., fibrosis (in effect, shrinkage) of internal organs, sterility or prenatal injuries.
Lucien B. Karlovec, X-Ray Malpractice, 11 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 266 (1962)