However, the trend to apply United States antitrust laws to international trade agreements has given rise to another important question, namely the jurisdictional problem of antitrust laws. Many people, both in this country and abroad, criticized this trend as an abuse of power and invasion of foreign sovereignty. The objective of this paper is, therefore, to analyze the underlying theories of jurisdiction with respect to antitrust laws and to discover the existing jurisdictional limitations imposed by the courts on themselves.
Hiroshi Fukuda, Jurisdiction in International Application of United States Antitrust Laws, 12 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 125 (1963)