It is my hope that the work of this symposium will contribute much to an understanding of the problems of group libel. But we cannot expect the judicial process to control such utterances. Heads get too hot and evil is too rampant. The final control must await the elimination of the three I's of this evil: Intolerance, Ignorance and Ignobility. They can be destroyed. They are not the inevitable results of increased social intercourse. They are not inherited- they are acquired. They cannot be legislated or decreed into the hearts and minds of men. It is for us- in the words of George Washington-"To bigotry, give no sanction."
Tom C. Clark, The Problem of Group Defamation, 13 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 1 (1964)